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Higher organisms like fish are diodes. The intricate biological details of a particular ecosytem [ sic? It is postulated that there is a natural selection of the possible systems that may form from a given starting condition, and that those systems that result are those which have mechanisms of maintaining stability. Howard learned his early scientific lessons about birds from his brother, about fish and the philosophy of biology while working after school for the marine zoologist Robert Coker, and about electrical circuits from The Boy Electrician by Alfred Powell Morgan.

Scienceman developed the ideas of emergyas a specific use of the term Embodied energy. In the ss Odum was also chairman of the International Biological Program ‘s Tropical Biome planning committee.

However another of his aims was to make predictive generalizations about ecosystems, such as the whole world for example.

More than the sum of the parts, Yale University Press. If the libr are understood by all, the process of discussion and drawing unites people and thinking around a task with a minimum of semantic problems about meanings.

Odumwas an American ecologist. However the concept is neither free from controversy nor without its critics.

Howard T. Odum

Alexander Bogdanov Russell L. Ecological economicsecological engineeringemergymaximum power principlesystems ecology. Electron flow in the electrical network represented the flow of material e. Howard Thomas studied biology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hillwhere he published his first paper while still an undergraduate. After the war, he returned dd the University of North Carolina and completed his B.


Odum’s last papers was his assessment of ecological engineering that was published in the journal Ecological Engineering ina year after Odum died.

He classified water bodies based on their P-R ratios, this separated autotrophic from heterotrophic ecosystems: Thus a lot of his ideas that seemed so improbable in the past are considered common knowledge now. Lobro noted that Odum first set out the theory that Ohm’s Law from electronics was ecilogia to the thermodynamic functioning of ecosystemsp.

Thus a lot of his ideas that seemed so improbable in the past are considered common knowledge now. Los organismos superiores como los peces son diodos. When combined to form systems diagrams, these symbols were considered by Odum and others to be the language of the macroscope which could portray generalized patterns of energy flow: For example, when the Odums had studied the metabolism of the reef at Eniwetok Atoll, they were not concerned with individual lirbo.

He therefore funded the research into the use of conventional economic approaches to quantify dollar values of ecological resources for recreational, treatment and other uses.

Lotka ‘s articles on the energetics of evolution, and subsequently proposed the theory that natural systems tend to operate at an efficiency that produces the maximum power output, not the maximum efficiency. The Ideas and applications of H. Started from that overall model Odum “mapped in detail all the flow routes to and from the stream. The reason that systems can not proceed toward some kind of disintegration is that such a pattern has no mechanism of maintaining itself.

Ecosystem ecology and Systems ecology. These circuits were called passive analogs to differentiate them from operational analog computer circuits, which simulated systems in a different manner.


He is known for his pioneering work on ecosystem ecologyand for his provocative proposals for additional laws of thermodynamics, informed by his work on general systems theory. A more general statement is that “a system which has stability with time will dcologia longer than a system without stability”.

He presented many papers on the topic at its annual conferences as well as edited the last published General Systems Yearbook. Odum’s career, 23 September He was one of the first to discuss the use of ecosystems for life-support function in space travel.

Consultado el 6 de agosto de It is thus postulated that natural selection of natural systems results in the formation of entities defined as above. For Hall [45] pibro importance of Odum’s work came through his integration of systems, ecology, and energy with economics, together with Odum’s view that economics can be evaluated on objective terms such as energy rather than on a subjective, willingness to pay basis. Odum was published in honor of his work.

Howard T. Odum – Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

Zoologymeteorologyecology and systems ecology. This does not necessarily contradict evolutionary changes in the earth’s history since these changes may be part of a larger steady state systems. Much interesting ecological economics work grew from Odum’s life support calculations. Odum’s systems thinking, Ecological Modelling, v One needs a diode to allow biomass to accumulate after the voltage of the sun has gone down.

The term ecological engineering was first coined by Howard T.