This page contains the US Army Field Manual on Pathfinder Operations. FM In daylight operations, pathfinders are not inserted into an LZ before the initial assault echelon unless the LZ requires extensive improvement or. HEADQUARTERS. FIELD MANUAL. DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY. No. (FM ). PATHFINDER OPERATIONS. OCTOBER
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When expressing time, he uses the word TIME followed by the number. ALO 8 Routes into the objective area. The density altitude is determined by altitude, temperature, and humidity. Selected personnel normally furnish terminal guidance within the supported unit.
This beacon allows the party to offer long-range guidance. In training, however, or in a rear area landing site, red lights should be used whenever possible. These events could disturb or block some frequencies. Whether or not aircraft traffic management personnel decide to use this electronic device, they should try to orient its signal away from the FEBA.
FM – Pathfinder Operations –
The enemy can also see them. The commander employs pathfinders on a short-term basis for some missions.
X X Friendly unit locations. The three most important factors to consider are density altitude, wind, and sand dust. He must be proficient in recognizing and reporting this deliberate patgfinder and combating it by employing electronic counter-countermeasures.
In most combat situations, the need for security prohibits the use of red lights to mark the tops of trees on the departure end of a landing zone. Mountainous terrain often limits or restricts communications. If they precede the initial assault elements into a landing site, soldiers from the supported ground unit could go with them for security.
(e Book – English – Military) US Army – Field Manual FM 3 21 38 – Pathfinder Operations Oct2002
Pathfinders may have to mark and man release points. Then the controller will issue final landing instructions. Pathfinders should determine the following information while reconnoitering and selecting a mountain site: When the accuracy of a message is doubtful, he repeats the complete message or essential parts. Both pathrinder minimum distance between ooerations and the size of the landing point increase in desert operations: The pathfinder uses closed traffic in either of two cases: During an air-assault pathfinedr, pathfinders should be cross-loaded when accompanying the initial assault elements into an LZ.
Approach is over lowest obstacles and into the wind it possible. Predicting wind conditions is difficult. Security is mandatory for the success of an operation; therefore, personnel are given only the minimum essential information needed to complete each phase of an operation.
This also helps keep the enemy from destroying the radios and the beacon at the same time. Day — 35 meters Night — 50 meters In heavy left and right formations, the distance is doubled between aircrafts 1 and 3. Landing Site Operations The assigned, qualified, and trained pathfinder must ensure that the nonqualified personnel assigned to opeeations unit team are adequately trained before they attempt a operxtions.
Every pathfinder training program emphasizes development of individual proficiency in air traffic control procedures and an understanding of supported aviation unit SOP. Write the name of the aircraft’s or formation’s destination on leaving. Many of the conditions experienced in cold weather operations are opwrations to desert operations.
The intercept point should be far enough from touchdown that it allows helicopters in formation a final approach of at least 1 to 2 miles. Chemicals may weaken the strength members of the pendant. At night, they can designate different helicopter sites with lights of different colors. Because the pilot must focus on the problem with the aircraft, the pathfinder helps by moving other air traffic away from the one having the problem, which has 57-83 priority.
Having the aircraft fly slowly enough that the load does not become unstable is the least desirable method to use. Caution is exercised to ensure that signalmen are in safe areas as aircraft fk and land. The aircraft may accumulate ice up to three-quarters of an inch thick during flight in temperatures and altitudes where icing conditions exist. Number of points determined by available area and mission requirements. Therefore, hoo kup person nel should use a grounding device to avoid electrical shock jChapter 6J static probe.
During flight at pathfijder extreme temperatures, this ice begins to loosen and fall off. From a 7- to degree slope, direct pilots to hover, as appropriate.