ENDOKRINES SYSTEM PDF

Title Page / Vorwort / Inhaltsverzeichnis. Elsner H. Elsner H.: Krebsentstehung und endokrines System. Basel, Karger, , pp I-VI (DOI/). Translation for ‘Endokrines System’ in the free German-English dictionary and many other English translations. German-English Dictionary: Translation for endokrines System.

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For example, to maintain a constant body temperature the hypothalamus monitors the blood temperature and initiates processes that increase or decrease heat production by the body and loss from the skin so the optimum temperature is always maintained.

Endokrihes is called acidosis and when severe can cause coma and death. Breathing is one of these mechanisms. This small but vital region of the endokrinee lies just above the pituitary and provides the link between the nervous and endocrine systems.

Faced with a perilous situation the animal needs to either fight or make a rapid escape. The body temperature of mammals and birds is maintained at an optimum level by a variety of heat regulation mechanisms.

An increased rate of breathing increases the amount of oxygen in the blood and glucose is released from the liver to provide the fuel for energy production. It controls the autonomic nervous systemproduces a range of hormones and regulates the secretion of many others from the pituitary gland see Chapter 7 for more information on the hypothalamus.

This condition is known as shock. The adrenal medulla secretes adrenalin also called epinephrine. The initial response of both cats may include spitting, fighting and spine tingling yowling – all brought about by the nervous system. The endocrine part of the organ consists of small clusters of cells called Islets of Langerhans that secrete the hormone insulin. For example, think about what happens when a male and female cat meet under your bedroom window at night. Biochemical processes in the cells, particularly in muscles and the liver, produce heat.

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The nervous and endocrine systems both work together to bring about this adaptation. Their positions in the body are shown in diagram After moderate blood loss, several mechanisms come into play to increase blood pressure and make up blood volume.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The pituitary gland is divided into two parts with different functions – the anterior and posterior pituitary see diagram Bright light inhibits melatonin secretion Low level of melatonin in bright light makes one feel good and this increases fertility.

These act on the kidney tubules to influence the amount of water and sodium ions absorbed from the fluid flowing along them. In diabetes mellitus the pancreas produces insufficient insulin and glucose levels in the blood can increase to a dangerous level.

Hormones are chemicals that are secreted by endocrine glands. Adrenalin is responsible for the so-called flight fight, fright response that prepares the animal for emergencies. The animal will die unless a vet administers fluid or blood. To do either requires instant energy, particularly in the skeletal muscles. This hormone regulates the amount of glucose in the blood by increasing the rate at which glucose is converted to glycogen in the liver and the movement of glucose from the blood into cells.

Adrenaline increases the amount of blood reaching them by causing their blood vessels to dilate and the heart to beat faster. They produce the hormone parathormone that regulates the amount of calcium in the blood and influences the excretion of phosphates in the urine.

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However, hormones only affect the specific target organs that recognize them. The adrenal glands are situated on the cranial surface of the kidneys see diagram There are two parts to this endocrine gland, an outer cortex and an inner medulla.

dictionary :: endokrines System :: German-English translation

Many inland soils in New Zealand contain almost no iodine so goitre can be common in stock when iodine supplements are not given. Anatomy and Physiology of Animals. To add to the problem, chemicals called goitrogens that occur naturally in plants like kale that belong to the cabbage familycan also cause goitre even when there systtem adequate iodine available. The thyroid gland is situated in the neck, just in front endkrines the windpipe or trachea see diagram For example, although it is carried to virtually every cell in the body, follicle stimulating hormone FSHreleased from the anterior pituitary glandonly acts on the follicle cells of the ovaries causing them to develop.

English-German Dictionary

The parathyroid glands are also found in the neck just behind the thyroid glands see diagram Again it is the hypothalamus that monitors xystem concentration of the blood and initiates the release of hormones from the posterior pituitary gland. In other languages Add links. This increases water retention since it increases the osmotic pressure of the fluids around the tubules and water therefore flows out of them by osmosis.

The pituitary gland is a pea-sized structure that is attached by a stalk to the underside of the cerebrum of the brain see diagram